Philippine Development Plan 2011-2016
Good Governance and the Rule of Law
Good governance sets the normative standards of development. It fosters participation, ensures transparency, demands accountability, promotes efficiency, and upholds the rule of law in economic, political and administrative institutions and processes. It is a hallmark of political maturity but also a requisite for growth and poverty reduction, for there are irreducible minimum levels of governance needed for large- scale investment to occur and for social programs to be supported. A cornerstone of good governance is adherence to the rule of law, that is, the impersonal and impartial application of stable and predictable laws, statutes, rules, and regulations, without regard for social status or political considerations. This chapter assesses the quality of governance in the country and identifies key governance challenges that constrain development. It then lays down corresponding strategiesto achieve good governance anchored on the rule of law, and provide an enabling environment for national development.
Assessment and Challenges
Although citizens have a legal right of access to communication, there is no established legal route for citizens to petition to obtain government records.
The actual practice of many citizens testifies to the highly uneven willingness or preparedness of government offices to provide information as well as the poor quality of the information provided, if at all.
This is also seen from the country’s low score for the 2008 Global Integrity Report under the category of Civil Society, Public Information and Media category, which even dropped one point from the 2007 score of 69. The proposed Freedom of Information Act is an important step towards addressing this problem.
Enhance Citizens’ Access to Information and Participation in Governance
- Pursue the Passage of the Freedom of Information Bill. The Freedom of Information Bill is intended to give the citizenry access to information by allowing full disclosure of all transactions which are of public interest. It aims to institute transparency in the national and local government’s undertakings relative to loans, treaties, contacts and other similar transactions.
Issue an Executive-Wide Policy on Public Access to Information Pending the Passing of the Right to Information Act
Wala sa nasabing Development Plan ang Cybercrime Law. Sa katonayan ang binigyan diin sa nasabing Strategic Framework ay ang pagkakaroon ng Batas na kung tawagin ay Freedom Of Information Law para sa ganun ay magkaroon ng partikular na batas para magkaroon ng access ang mamamayan sa mga inpormasyon sa pamahalaan.
Sa ganitong karaanan mabibigyan ng kapangyarihan ang mamamayan at sa huli ay nagkakaroon ng opotunidad na makilahok sa pamamahala.
At habang hindi pa napagtitibay ang FOI ay magkakaroon ng patakaran na pansamantalang gabay at/o panuntunan sa kalayaan sa inpormasyon.
Pinagtagal na ang FOI ng mga mambabatas, wala padin ang sinasabing pansamantalang patakaran. Ang hindi katangap-tangap ay ang bigla at pagmamadaling pagsasabatas ng Cybercrime Law na bandang huli ay may pag-amin ang mga mambabatas na sila ay nagkamali sa nasabing batas.
Matatandaan na ang Cybercrime Law ay biglang lumitaw at pinagtibay, pagkatapos na paratangan ang isang senator ng plagiarism at sinabi ng senador na ito na siya ay biktima ng cyber bully.