Tag Archives: transparency


Nothing is more beneficial during a modern disaster than public participation. As the saying goes, “two minds are better than one.” When it comes to social media, millions of minds come together to solve problems, seek out answers, and disseminate vital information. As has been evident in recent days, the public has played a key role in both information dissemination and assistance to authorities via social media.

Social Media Aids Disaster Recovery Efforts

A primary source of real-time information, social media has had a transformative effect on modern disaster recovery. It has played a key role in everything from natural disasters to man-made tragedies worldwide. Bystanders and people miles away take to social media during disasters for multiple purposes, from alerting authorities to who and where the injured may be and locating important persons of interest.

Social media also affords the government a nearly unparalleled level of transparency in times of disaster. Real time updates  – like those which we saw during the apprehension of the Boston Marathon bombing suspects – allow the public to not just be witness to but also assist in times of crisis.

Social Media and The Spread of Vital Information

Social media also drives information dissemination at a rate never known before – hotlines to find injured family members are found quickly and easily, and the process of seeking and finding of loved ones has become a crowd-sourced process. Important information can be shared with millions, and by millions, quickly and efficiently.

Social Media and Disaster Relief

Social Media is also useful in the days and months following a disaster. Raising money for victims is no easy feat when done offline. “Crowd-funding” allows users near and far with a simple and fast way to donate to and solicit donations for victims of disasters. As we saw recently in Boston, in many cases hundreds of thousands of dollars have been raised for disaster victims. Social media allowed for triumph in the midst of tragedy, helping victims start new lives with a tremendous support system.

Natural disasters like the tsunami in Japan and Hurricane Sandy reflect the public’s desire to participate and aid victims through social media. Many turn to social media outlets first to learn what is happening, see how they can contribute, and keep on top of developing events.

Social Media Offers A Worldwide Network

Social media is an incredibly useful means for public participation and government transparency.  Never again will there be a time where television is our only source of news during times of need and disaster. From aiding the FBI to aiding victims of national disasters, Twitter, Facebook and other online media serve as vital components of transparency and efficient outlets for managing disaster responses.




Local Government Relations With People’s Organizations, Non governmental Organizations, and the Private Sector

ARTICLE 62. Role of People’s Organizations, Nongovernmental Organizations and the Private Sector. — LGUs shall promote the establishment and operation of people’s organizations, NGOs, and the private sector, to make them active partners in the pursuit of local autonomy. For this purpose, people’s organizations, NGOs, and the private sector shall be directly involved in the following plans, programs, projects, or activities of LGUs:

(a) Local special bodies;

(b) Delivery of basic services and facilities;

(c) Joint ventures and cooperative programs or undertakings;

(d) Financial and other forms of assistance;

(e) Preferential treatment for organizations and cooperatives of marginal fishermen;

(f) Preferential treatment for cooperatives development; and (g) Financing, construction, maintenance, operation, and management of infrastructure projects.

ARTICLE 63. Local Special Bodies. —

(a) Local Development Councils — The duly designated representatives of accredited people’s organizations, NGOs, and the private sector operating in the provinces, cities, municipalities, or barangays shall sit as members in the provincial, city, municipal, or barangay development councils, as the case may be. The number of NGO representatives in each LDC shall not be less than one-fourth (1/4) of the total membership of the fully organized council. The local chief executive shall undertake the necessary information campaign to ensure participation of all NGOs operating within his territorial jurisdiction.

(b) Local Pre-qualification, Bids and Awards Committees — Two (2)representatives of people’s organizations or NGOs that are represented in the LDC concerned, to be chosen by the organizations themselves, and a practicing certified public accountant from the private sector, to be designated by the local chapter of the Philippine Institute of Certified Public Accountant, if any, shall sit as members of  the provincial, city, and municipal pre-qualification, bids and awards committees (PBACs).

(c) Local Health Boards — A representative from NGOs or the private sector involved in health services in the province, city, and municipality shall sit as member of the provincial, city or municipal health boards, respectively.

(d) Local School Boards — The representatives of NGOs or the private sector who shall sit as members of the local school boards are as follows:

(1) Provincial school board — the duly elected president of the provincial federation of parents-teachers associations, the duly elected representative of teachers’ organizations in the province, and the duly elected representative of the non-academic personnel of public schools in the province;

(2) City school board — the duly elected president of the city federation of parents-teachers associations, the duly elected representative of teachers’ organizations in the city, and the duly elected representative of the non-academic personnel of public schools in the city;

(3) Municipal school board — the duly elected president of the municipal federation of parents-teachers associations, the duly elected representative of the teachers’ organizations in the municipality, and the duly elected representative of the non-academic personnel of the public schools in the municipality;

(e) Local Peace and Order Councils — The representatives of people’s organizations or NGOs in the local peace and order councils shall be the same as those provided under Presidential EO 309, series of 1988, as amended, and the implementing rules and regulations issued pursuant thereto (Annex B).

(f) People’s Law Enforcement Boards — The representatives of people’s organizations or NGOs who sit as members of the boards shall be the same as those provided under RA 6975, and the rules and regulations issued pursuant thereto.

ARTICLE 64. Procedures and Guidelines for Selection of Representatives of People’s Organizations, Nongovernmental Organizations, or the Private Sector in Local Special Bodies. —

(a) Call for application — Within thirty (30) days from the approval of these Rules and thereafter, within thirty (30) days from the organization of the newly elected sanggunian, each sanggunian concerned shall call all community-based people’s organizations or NGOs, including business and professional groups, and other similar aggrupations to apply with the LGU concerned for accreditation for membership in the local special bodies. The application shall include a duly approved board resolution of the people’s organizations, NGOs or the private sector concerned, certificate of registration, list of officers, accomplishments, and financial data of the organization;

(b) Accreditation — The sanggunian concerned shall accredit the organizations based on the following criteria:

(1) Registration with either the Securities and Exchange Commission, Cooperatives Development Authority, Department of Labor and Employment, Department of Social Welfare and Development, or any recognized NGA that accredits people’s organizations, NGOs, or the private sector. If not formally registered, the said organizations may be recognized by the sanggunian for purposes only of meeting the minimum requirements for membership of such organizations in local special bodies;

(2) Organizational purpose and objectives include community organization and development, institution-building, local enterprise development, livelihood development, capability-building, and similar developmental objectives and considerations;

(3) Community-based with project development and implementation track record of at least one (1) year;

(4) Reliability as evidenced by the preparation of annual reports and conduct of annual meetings duly certified by the board secretary of the organization; and

(5) In the case of PBACs, the organization or any of its members shall have no conflict of interest in the awarding of infrastructure or other projects.

(c) Completion of the accreditation process — The sanggunian shall complete the accreditation process within sixty (60) days from the promulgation of these Rules or within the same period from the organization of the newly elected sanggunian.

(d) Meeting to choose representatives of people’s organizations, NGOs, or the private sector — Within fifteen (15) days after the accreditation process, the DILG field officer assigned in the LGU shall call all accredited people’s organizations, NGOs, or the private sector to a meeting where these organizations shall choose from among themselves which people’s organizations, NGOs or private sector will be represented in the local special bodies. The selected people’s organizations, NGOs or private sector shall then designate their principal and alternate representatives who are residents of the LGU concerned. In no case shall an organization or a representative thereof be a member of more than one local special body within a province, city, or municipality.

(e) Term of office of selected representatives — The term of office of a selected representative shall be coterminous with that of the local chief executive concerned. Should a vacancy arise, the selected people’s organizations, NGOs, or the private sector shall designate a replacement for the unexpired term.

FOI can open a window, or at least a hole, in the dark

Finally, the Freedom of Information bill has been approved at the committee level in the House of Representatives, with legislators using the debate about the bill to rant about media’s failures. A “right to reply” provision in the bill was proposed to cure media’s maladies. But alas, that was axed when the FOI bill was approved, with more lawmakers apparently agreeing with media leaders who feared that a right to reply mandated by the law could cripple news organizations.

Edd Aragon http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/photo/28687/foi-can-open-a-window-or-at-least-a-hole-in-the-dark

The Principles of Good Governance

Fair Conduct of Elections, Representation and Participation

  • Local elections are conducted freely and fairly, according to international standards and national legislation, and without any fraud.
  • Citizens are at the centre of public activity and they are involved in clearly defined ways in public life at local level.
  • All men and women can have a voice in decision-making, either directly or through legitimate intermediate bodies that represent their interests. Such broad participation is built on the freedoms of expression, assembly and association.
  • All voices, including those of the less privileged and most vulnerable, are heard and taken into account in decision-making, including over the allocation of resources.
  • There is always an honest attempt to mediate between various legitimate interests and to reach a broad consensus on what is in the best interest of the whole community and on how this can be achieved.
  • Decisions are taken according to the will of the many, while the rights and legitimate interests of the few are respected.


  • Objectives, rules, structures, and procedures are adapted to the legitimate expectations and needs of citizens.
  • Public services are delivered, and requests and complaints are responded to within a reasonable timeframe.

Efficiency and Effectiveness

  • Results meet the agreed objectives.
  • Best possible use is made of the resources available.
  • Performance management systems make it possible to evaluate and enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of services.
  • Audits are carried out at regular intervals to assess and improve performance.

 Openness and Transparency

  • Decisions are taken and enforced in accordance with rules and regulations.
  • There is public access to all information which is not classified for well-specified reasons as provided for by law (such as the protection of privacy or ensuring the fairness of procurement procedures).
  • Information on decisions, implementation of policies and results is made available to the public in such a way as to enable it to effectively follow and contribute to the work of the local authority.

 Rule of Law

  • The local authorities abide by the law and judicial decisions.
  • Rules and regulations are adopted in accordance with procedures provided for by law and are enforced impartially.

Ethical Conduct

  • The public good is placed before individual interests.
  • There are effective measures to prevent and combat all forms of corruption.
  • Conflicts of interest are declared in a timely manner and persons involved must abstain from taking part in relevant decisions.

 Competence and Capacity

  • The professional skills of those who deliver governance are continuously maintained and strengthened in order to improve their output and impact.
  • Public officials are motivated to continuously improve their performance.
  • Practical methods and procedures are created and used in order to transform skills into capacity and to produce better results.

 Innovation and Openness to Change

  • New and efficient solutions to problems are sought and advantage is taken of modern methods of service provision.
  • There is readiness to pilot and experiment new programmes and to learn from the experience of others.
  • A climate favourable to change is created in the interest of achieving better results.

 Sustainability and Long-term Orientation

  • The needs of future generations are taken into account in current policies.
  • The sustainability of the community is constantly taken into account. Decisions strive to internalise all costs and not to transfer problems and tensions, be they environmental, structural, financial, economic or social, to future generations.
  • There is a broad and long-term perspective on the future of the local community along with a sense of what is needed for such development.
  • There is an understanding of the historical, cultural and social complexities in which this perspective is grounded.

 Sound Financial Management

  • Charges do not exceed the cost of services provided and do not reduce demand excessively, particularly in the case of important public services.
  • Prudence is observed in financial management, including in the contracting and use of loans, in the estimation of resources, revenues and reserves, and in the use of exceptional revenue.
  • Multi-annual budget plans are prepared, with consultation of the public.
  • Risks are properly estimated and managed, including by the publication of consolidated accounts and, in the case of public-private partnerships, by sharing the risks realistically.
  • The local authority takes part in arrangements for inter-municipal solidarity, fair sharing of burdens and benefits and reduction of risks (equalisation systems, inter-municipal co-operation, mutualisation of risks…)

 Human rights, Cultural Diversity and Social Cohesion

  • Within the local authority’s sphere of influence, human rights are respected, protected and implemented, and discrimination on any grounds is combated.
  • Cultural diversity is treated as an asset, and continuous efforts are made to ensure that all have a stake in the local community, identify with it and do not feel excluded.
  • Social cohesion and the integration of disadvantaged areas are promoted.
  • Access to essential services is preserved, in particular for the most disadvantaged sections of the population.


  • All decision-makers, collective and individual, take responsibility for their decisions.
  • Decisions are reported on, explained and can be sanctioned.
  • There are effective remedies against maladministration and against actions of local authorities which infringe civil rights.

SWS: Corruption In LGUs Rising

MANILA, Philippines — More Filipinos believe that corruption in local government units (LGUs) is more widespread now than in the past year, based on the latest Social Weather Stations (SWS) survey results.

The nationwide 2012 Good Local Governance Survey, conducted among 1,500 household heads from Aug. 20 to 28, found that 56 percent of Filipinos still consider the level of corruption now in the city/municipality government as similar to the level a year ago, 33 percent said it is more widespread now, and 23 percent said it is more widespread last year.

The SWS noted that those who see “a lot” of corruption in the city/municipal government hardly changed from 25 percent this year to 22 percent last year.

As compared to last year, the same offices where corruption is considered most widespread occupy the top three positions, namely, the Budget Office (from 40 percent to 48 percent), Mayor’s Office (from 30 percent to 32 percent), and the Engineer’s Office (from 20 percent to 30 percent).

The SWS also listed the top 11 offices where corruption happens. These are the Treasurer’s Office (27 percent, up from 5th to 6th), Business Permit and Licensing Office (24 percent, stayed at 5th place), Transport and Traffic Management Office (19 percent, up from 7th place), Accountant Office (18 percent, up from 9th place), and Public Market Office (16 percent, up from 12th rank), Barangay Affairs and Public Assistance Center (13 percent, down from 4th place), Assessors Office (13 percent, up from 13th to 14th place), and Agriculture Office (13 percent, down from 8th place).

Over the past three years, Filipinos’ awareness of any anti-corruption effort of the city/municipal government has grown from 26 percent to 35 percent.

The survey also found 73 percent of household heads satisfied, and 14 percent dissatisfied, with the performance of their city/municipal government, for a net satisfaction rating of “very good” +59 (percentage of satisfied minus percentage of dissatisfied).

Net satisfaction ratings are termed as +70 and above, “excellent”; +50 to +69, “very good”; +30 to +49, “good”; +10 to +29, “moderate”, +9 to -9, “neutral”; -10 to -29, “poor”; -30 to -49, “bad”; -50 to -69, “very bad”; -70 and below, “execrable.”

The +59 rating is five points below the very good net rating of +64 (75 percent satisfied, 11 percent dissatisfied) in July 2011, but 15 points above the good +44 (68 percent satisfied, 23 percent dissatisfied in September 2009.

The survey also found 70 percent satisfied and 7 percent dissatisfied with the performance of the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG), for a very good net satisfaction rating of +63, up by five points from the good +48 (58 percent satisfied, 11 percent dissatisfied) in July 2011.

Very good net satisfaction ratings were also obtained by key local officials and institutions: Governor (down from +67 in July 2011 to +56 in August 2012), Mayor (down from an excellent +73 to +65), Vice-Mayor (down from +68 to +60), Barangay-Chairman (down from an excellent +70 to +63), City/Municipal Council (down from +61 to +57), and City/Municipal Police (hardly moving from +53 to +54).

The 2012 Survey on Good Local Governance was supported through the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) and The Asia Foundation (TAF) Partnership in the Philippines.

By ELLALYN B. DE VERA | October 30, 2012, 7:11pm

Aquino seen to back Ed Panlilio’s return

Among Ed is most possible politician can follow the footsteps of Jesse Robredo in the pursue of Good Governance. He is among the group with Jess Robredo and Grace Padaca who are seriously advocating good governance, transparency and accountability



MANILA, Philippines–President Benigno Aquino III will endorse the gubernatorial candidacy of Fr. Eddie “Among Ed” Panlilio, who lost in his reelection bid in 2010 in Pampanga, should he decide to join anew the local political derby.

“Yes,” said Interior Secretary Mar Roxas, the Liberal Party president-on-leave, when asked by the Philippine Daily Inquirer whether the ruling party would support the candidacy of the priest.

Another LP stalwart, Budget Secretary Florencio Abad, confirmed in a separate phone interview talks for the official endorsement of Panlilio’s candidacy by the President himself.

“It’s still being discussed,” Abad said, refusing to reveal details of the arrangement for now. Continue reading Aquino seen to back Ed Panlilio’s return

“Leather shoes Leadership” attack to the “Tsinelas Leadership” of former Sec. Robredo

First attack of “Leather shoes Leadership” of New DILG Secretary Roxas to the “Tsinelas Leadership” of former Secretary Robredo. The first marching order of now DILG Secretary Mar Roxas is kick out DILG Undersecretary Rico Puno and all staffs of former Sec. Robredo.

Iwinasiwas na naman ng isang Haciedero at pagiging traditional na politiko para lamang magsilbi sa sariling pangarap na ikonsolid ang sariling pwersa tungo sa sariling pangarap. Ang hakbanging ito traditional na kaugalian ng mga trapo.

Newly appointed Department of Interior and Local Government Secretary Manuel “Mar” Roxas’ first marching order was to have DILG Undersecretary Rico Puno kicked out of his agency. The Daily Tribune | DILG’s Roxas kicks out Puno, Jesse’s men

“Leather Shoes Leader” Mar Roxas also..

kicking out all of the DILG officers and staffers of the late Jesse Robredo who have been declared by Roxas as being co-terminus with the late DILG secretary. The Daily Tribune | DILG’s Roxas kicks out Puno, Jesse’s men

Ang pag-aalis ni “Leather Shoe Leader and Leadership style” kay Undersecretary Rico Puno ay, ayon kay President Aquino ilalagay bilang tagapamahala ng PNP pero iginiit ni “Leader shoe leader” Mar Roxas siya ng binigyan ng buong kapangyarihan sa lahat ng sangay ng DILG.

It is not President Pnoy, who decide in matter to DILG now, it is obvious that the Liberal Party who calls a shot. The Nation loosed of the late SILG Robredo now a big opportunity for LP to consolidate their forces in coming presidential election.  It seems look traditional political strategy of the elite. What is in their minds are their future political careers and NOT TO CONTINOU WHAT SILG Jesse Robredo was started during his time as DILG. Ang pangulo ng Liberal Party ang tila mapagpasya sa mga dapat gawin sa Pamahalaan at hindi ang pangulo ng Pilipinas

I’m sure that P-Noy put Mar Roxas at the DILG because first and foremost, he is the Liberal Party (LP) personified and therefore, he must ensure an LP victory in the 2013 mid-term elections. This appointment clearly prepares Sec. Mar for the 2016 Presidential race surely to the consternation of Vice-President Jejomar Binay. Unfortunately for Vice Pres. Binay, he is a reluctant “oppositionist” and never issued any damaging statement vs P-Noy, even if the latter is self-destructing. The DOTC slot was given to Cavite Rep. Joseph Emilio Abaya. Few people know who he is. Mar Roxas at DILG:The road to 2016? :  SHOOTING STRAIGHT By Bobit S. Avila | The Philippine Star

Sa simula palang the “Leather Shoe leader” of  SILG Roxas sa kanyang pagtangap ng posisyon ay nagpahayag na ng kanyang PALUSOT  para sa justification ng kanyang mga hakbangin sa bago niyang position. SILG Mar Roxas said…

“More than this, I have big shoes or big tsinelas to fulfill. I am not Jesse Robredo. Unlike him, I have many shortcomings but rest assured, I will do my best to respect the legacy of Secretary Jesse. His memory will be my guide while I fulfill the responsibilities as DILG secretary,“ he added.

Roxas said he plans to sustain the reforms initiated by Robredo especially on “transparency, accountability, and people empowerment“ which are the “hallmarks“ of the late secretary’s leadership. Read more: http://www.tempo.com.ph/2012/big-tsinelas/

Ang pagtanggal ni Mar Roxas sa mga dating tauhan ni dating SILG at pag-aalis Undersecretary ay pagpapakita na nais niya (Roxas) na ipagpatuloy ang mga sinimulan ni “Tsinelas Leader”?

There’s a lot of work that Secretary Robredo left in his office that his wife, Lenny Robredo, wished that whoever will replace him will finish the job.

“Yung mga dapat alisin sana maalis,” Mrs. Robredo was quoted as saying during her press conference last Thursday morning.

I just hope that what Secretary Jesse started, his successor would be able to finish it. Robredo was working on something impossible—to weed the government of corrupt officials and to make our country a better nation.  Robredo, the epitome of ‘daang matuwid’

Kung malaki ang tsinelas na pupunuan ni SILG Mar Roxas at nais niya itong punuan, bakit kailangan bawasan o alisin ang mga taong kahit papaano ay may naunang karanasan sa mga programang naiwan ni Sec. Robredo. Ganun padin, nais lamang ni Roxas na bitbitin niya ang kaniyang mga personal at piling tauhan upang kaagapay niya hindi sa pagpapatuloy ng simulain ni Sec. Robredo, bagkus ay para isakatuparan ang kanyang (Roxas) pagnanasa sa politika at hindi para sa pagpapatuloy at pagsasakatuparan ng “GOOD GOVERNANCE”.

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By: Bishop Benny Navarro
    C2G2, Chairman

We always hear the phrase about the separation of church and state; but, working together, like the church helping the state to uplift the spiritual, mental and moral status of the people is greatly possible and can be worked out.

In Marikina alone, there are more than two hundred Christian churches of different denominations and most of them are very active in the communities where they are located. Most of the churches have organized themselves into associations and one of the biggest, influential and most active is Marikina Pastors and Christian Workers Association, Inc. or MARVAL for short.

The association is almost thirty years old, one of the oldest association of pastors and the biggest association of pastors and church workers in the City. This author was one of the past presidents and now one of the members of the board of advisers of the association.

Marval has worked very closely with the local government of Marikina. In some barangays, the lupons are composed mostly of pastors. Pastors are the ones who take charge of prayers during the Monday flag ceremonies of the City Hall. It has its own radio program aired in our local government station broadcasting not only the Word of God but programs that give instructions to the local populace about livelihood, cooking, health-tips, etc. The local government allows pastors to hold Spiritual Retreats during Holy Week and City-wide March for Jesus. During times of calamities and disasters, the churches distributes, clothing, medicines, food and water to the communities where their churches are located, thereby helping the local government in the work of rehabilitation. I have seen so many instances wherein churches and our local government have helped each other to help the local population.

Some of the present officers of Marval are the following: Ptr. Oscar Josef, Ptr. Ver LaPena,  Ptr. Edgar Bangit, Ptr. Ferdie Atanacio, Ptr. Rey Faigao, Ptr. Noel Camo, Ptr. Jess Llantada, Dra. Editha Zulueta.

Members of the Board of Advisers are the following: Bishop Benny Navarro, Bishop Mark Jara, Ptr. Richard Doromal, Kap. Oddie Francisco.

Henry Sy Sr. Oligarch?

By OPINYON | July 26, 2012

Success spoils a man. Oftentimes, it’s during time of triumph that the seeds of self-destruction are planted. Ultra rich Henry Sy Sr., founder of the SM group, may have trapped himself in a quicksand of self-inflicted wounds more than his wealth can heal.

From land grabbing and tax dodging to environmental degradation and illegal dismissal of workers, Sy’s name has been dragged in a growing list of court cases which inescapably tarnished his reputation. But Sy, brimming with confidence that money can buy happiness, hardly cares. Through lawyers, part of his coterie of paid hacks, the ethnic Chinese taipan remains unperturbed, typical of an oligarch. An oligarch gains his wealth through political connection, machination, and influence. Continue reading….